Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that has the potential to save water and nutrients by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either from above the soil surface or buried below the surface. The goal is to place water directly into the root zone and minimize evaporation.
Benefits of Drip Irrigation?
Drip irrigation is a technique in which water flows through a filter into special drip pipes, with emitters located at different spacing. Water is distributed through the emitters directly into the soil near the roots through a special slow-release device.
The emitters slowly drip water into the soil at the root zone. Because moisture levels are kept at an optimal range, plant productivity and quality improve. In addition, drip irrigation: Prevents disease by minimizing water contact with the leaves, stems, and fruit of plants.
Why Drip Irrigation is the Best?
Drip irrigation is one of the most efficient types of irrigation systems. The efficiency of applied and lost water as well as meeting the crop water need ranges from 80 to 90%. Well, its efficiency is the result of only two factors; Applying of water drop by drop, the soil soaks it before it evaporates.
Advantages of Drip Irrigation
Higher consistent quality yield.
High availability of water and nutrients
Reduce impact of drought and climate change on food production
Huge Water Saving: No Evaporation, No Run Off, No Waste
Efficient use of fertilizer and crop protection, with no leaching.
Less dependency on weather, greater stability and lower risks.
Uniformity of water application
Application of Drip Irrigation
Used in farms, commercial greenhouse and residential garden
It is adopted extensively in areas of acute water scarcity and especially for vegetable crops and trees.
Water is applied at frequent intervals as per the requirement of plants
Water is supplied directly to the plants and not to the other areas of the field, thus, reducing wastage